Mother goose with goslings in water

All You Need to Know About Canada Geese

Animal Infographic: Canada Geese

Learn about the world’s largest species of goose, the Canada Goose. This infographic offers quick bullets regarding the habitat, diet and migration of Canada geese.


What’s in the infographic:


Canada geese (Branta canadensis) are large, migratory waterfowl native to North America, although they have occasionally reached northern Europe by flying.


  • Typically breed in the northern half of the US and in Canada
  • Prefer nesting sites on elevated, secluded areas near bodies of water to eat and avoid predators
  • Due to urbanization, geese have learn to adapt to civilization and will take up residence in man-made fountains and lakes


  • Primarily eat green vegetation, grasses, aquatic plants and grain
  • Occasionally eat fish and insects
  • In urban areas, they will pick food off streets and out of trash cans
  • Known to be pests to farmers by eating and damaging crops and fouling pastures with their waste


  • When water begins to freeze over, geese will migrate south to warmer temperatures
  • Fly in an aerodynamic V formation
  • Average flight speed is 40 mph but can reach up to 70 mph
  • Migrations can be as long as 2,000-3,000 miles
  • Can travel up to 1,500 miles a day in optimal weather


  • The largest goose in the world, weighing up to 14 lbs fully grown
  • Average lifespan is about 25 years, with the oldest goose living 40 years in captivity
  • Goslings learn to swim within 24 hours of being born and learn to fly by 3 months
  • As they become independent, goslings will form “gang broods” of up to 100 goslings



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